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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 51-55

Evaluation of choroidal thickness in patients with ulcerative colitis


1 Department of Ophthalmology, Ahi Evran University Medical School, Training and Research Hospital, Kırşehir, Turkey
2 Department of Gastroenterology, Ahi Evran University Medical School, Training and Research Hospital, Kırşehir, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Ali Kurt
Department of Ophthalmology, Ahi Evran University Medical School, Training and Research Hospital, Kırşehir
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1858-540X.198539

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Purpose: To evaluate the effect of ulcerative colitis (UC) on the choroid by measuring the choroidal thickness (CT) and also to determine any difference between CT in the Montreal classification groups. Materials and Methods: We included 36 eyes of 36 UC patients and 36 controls in the study. The UC patients were classified as ulcerative proctitis, left-sided (distal) UC, and extensive UC (pancolitis) according to the Montreal classification. CT was measured using enhanced depth imaging optic coherence tomography at the foveal center and at 500 μm, 1000 μm, and 1500 μm from the foveal center for each eye. Results: CT was significantly thinner in patients with UC than controls at 500 μm temporal to the fovea (P = 0.026), at 500 μm nasal to the fovea (P = 0.019), at 1000 μm nasal to the fovea (P = 0.042), and at 1500 μm nasal to the fovea (P = 0.013). There was no statistically significant difference between these three groups regarding the CT value (P > 0.05). Conclusions: Perifoveal CT was significantly thinner in patients with UC than in healthy controls. There was no statistically significant difference between these three groups (ulcerative proctitis, left-sided UC, and extensive UC) regarding the CT value.


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