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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-6

Study of Glaucoma s prevalence in Atbara locality, Sudan, from 2009 to 2016

1 Nile Valley University-College of Medicine, Atbara, Sudan
2 Infection Control Department, ENT Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan

Correspondence Address:
Dr Mussa Atif Mohammed
Nile Valley University-College of Medicine, Atbara
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjopthal.sjopthal_24_19

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Context: Sudan is one of the largest countries in Africa with about 40 million people. Glaucoma is the second cause of blindness, responsible for 15% of blindness in Africa. Black-skinned peoples have the greatest prevalence of glaucoma. Aims: To reflect the prevalence and epidemiology of glaucoma to help decision-makers to develop the appropriate ophthalmic health strategic plan. Settings and Design: Retrospective study of the recorded data about glaucoma in Atbara Locality, Sudan, from 2009 to 2016. Subjects and Methods: Electronic and hard copy records of the Ministry of Health and its facilities, in Atbara locality, were collected and entered into SPSS version 23 (IBM SPSS Corporation., NY, USA) and were analyzed and interpreted. Statistical Analysis Used: The statistical tools that were used to analysis and interpret the data are the prevalence, ratio, percentages, and cross tabulation and the Chi-square statistics (P value used to indicate the significant of the different results). Results: The total number of glaucoma patients per year ranges from 717 to 2696 with a mean ± standard deviation of 1878 ± 643.39. The percentage of all glaucoma patients among the total population in Atbara locality per year ranges from 0.49% to 1.97% with an average of 1.34%. However, in those who aged 45 years and more, the percentage ranges from 3.58% to 17.13% with an average of 10.89%, which is higher than many population-based studies. The prevalence of glaucoma is increasing with age and more females were affected than males. Conclusions: Glaucoma was found to be more in Atbara locality than many other regions worldwide, so it needs more awareness, care, and a high priority in any sight-saving programs.

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