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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7-11

Higher-order aberrations in keratoconus suspect

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital of Ophthalmology, Sohag, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Engy Mohamed Mostafa
Department of Ophthalmology, Sohag University, Nasr City, Sohag 82524
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjopthal.sjopthal_3_20

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Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the pattern of higher-order aberrations (HOAs) in keratoconus suspect (KCS) eyes using Scheimpflug–Placido topography (Sirius, CSO, Italy) and also to detect the sensitivity and specificity of all parameters to discriminate subclinical keratoconus (KC), and normal eye was investigated. Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional study of 100 eyes of KCS patients along with 50 normal eyes as a control group. The following parameters were evaluated: sphere, cylinder, spherical equivalent, flat and steep keratometry (K), mean K, total root mean square (RMS), RMS coma, RMS spherical aberration, and anterior and posterior corneal elevation in the most curved part of the cornea. All eyes underwent Sirius Scheimpflug–Placido topography evaluation. Results: The KCS group showed significantly higher values for cylinder, mean flat, steep, and mean keratometry (K) compared to the control group. There were statistically significant differences in all aberrometric parameters in KCS compared with the control group except for spherical aberration. The optimum cutoff point and area under receiver operating characteristic curve of both RMS and elevation (anterior and posterior) achieved larger than 90% in both sensitivity and specificity. Conclusion: HOAs and corneal elevation (anterior and posterior) of the most curved part of the cornea proved to be able to distinguish KCS from the normal control group. Higher amounts of vertical coma and larger values of coma-like RMS have been found in patients with suspect KC when compared to normal corneas.

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